I recently came across a short video monologue by Graeme Morris on programming training for athletes. Graeme has worked extensively with rugby league athletes and combat-sport athletes and he was actually on my podcast a few months ago (Ep. 13). In his video, Graeme provides a thorough account of how he decides what training intervention(s) is(are) appropriate for a given athlete based on where he ultimately wants to take the athlete to.
In the video, Graeme promotes the idea that the game demands should dictate physical preparation programming. He expands on game demands being the product of three main components:
Bio-motor qualities: the main physical qualities relevant to the sport - i.e., speed, strength, flexibility, etc. - where each one has sub-categories, for example, strength sub-categories may include max-strength, strength-endurance, and speed-strength.
Bio-dynamics: bio-kinetics, bio-kinematics. What movements are occurring? What ranges of motions are they occurring in? And what forces/ torques are taking place to produce these movements?
Bio-energetics: dominant energy systems important to optimise sport performance (i.e., alactic, glycolytic, aerobic).
The ability to meet these qualities represents the destination (I.e., where you want to get the athlete through the training process). Make sure to check out this fantastic short-video explanation and to follow Graeme's further content on his social media pages. I've certainly learnt a lot from his stuff and I'm sure most performance coaches could do too.
Below, a link to the video and some notes I took whilst listening to it.
Facebook: Graeme Morris Strength and Conditioning
This is the destination (I.e., where you want to get)
But what is your starting point (e.g., age, training age, strengths, injury history, training phase etc.)
To get to destination you must 1. Push through the jungle, and 2. Follow a route using a map.
The ‘push’ = training tools/ methods, the map/ route = principles of practice
The tools represent the methods used to enforce stress and thus elicit adaptations on the athlete in accordance to the identified qualities (i.e., bio-motor/dynamics/energetics) relevant to the sport
The principles represent the operational guidelines that optimise the training process or ‘journey’ (e.g., General to Specific, Low-Intensity to High-Intensity, Extensive to Intensive, Slow to Fast, Technique before Load). In my eyes, these are the general ‘rules of thumb’.
Dynamic correspondence, Exercise classification.
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Adriano Arguedas S.